Q: Are there books that train you to hear chord progressions?
A: My ear training method prepares you step by step to hear more and more complicated aural situations. You can't learn to hear complicated chord progressions before you can hear one note, two note, modulations etc. You have to build up to hear multiple notes that either modulate or don't. If you feel this makes sense to you I would start with Ear Training One Note Complete and Fanatic's Guide to Ear Training and Sight Singing.
That said you can start to hear simple chord progressions that don't modulate as soon as you pass through Ear Training One Note Complete and Key Note Recognition. At that point you could try the Secondary Dominants book which will help you to hear how these type of chords sound in one key center.